Municipal solid waste in Abu Dhabi is being converted into fuel for vehicles in the UAE, thereby considerably lowering carbon emission from fossil fuels and the negative environmental impact of waste.
An important waste management company in the capital has started using biofuel in six trucks and its entire fleet of 100 trucks is expected to run on biofuel by the end of this year.
Biofuel is a valid alternative for fossil fuels and is made from waste generated by micro-organisms. It is produced using ethanol from naturally grown plant matters thus making it an environment-friendly fuel.
This is part of a wider Waste-to-Energy (WTE) project, the latest concept in sustainable practice to treat municipal solid waste.
The UAE is one of the world’s largest per capita producers of waste. The average annual per capita household waste for Dubai and Abu Dhabi stands at 725 and 730 kilograms respectively.
While the construction of the world’s largest WtE plant is currently underway in Abu Dhabi at an estimated cost of Dh3 billion, Dubai is not far behind in planning a similar state-of-the-art facility to address the issue of eco-friendly waste management.
Once the 100 megawatt (MW) plant is built on the outskirts of the UAE capital near the Mussafah Sea Port, it will be one of the biggest waste-to-energy facilities in the world.
Stretching across an area of 100,000 square metres, the alternative power project will help Abu Dhabi shrink its carbon footprint.
The UAE plans to produce also biodiesel by processing and reusing waste cooking oil as a sustainable energy solution that can contribute to the country’s renewable energy generation targets.